What is the difference between an identity card and electronic identity card (eOI)?

The electronic identity card (eOI) provides electronic identification and electronic signature, as well as secure access to electronic services of public administration, the use of electronic signatures, online access to official documents and forms, and the possibility to use other services in the field of e-services.

The previous identity card was used exclusively for physical identification of Croatian citizens. The new eOI has an embedded chip containing identification certificate used for securing electronic authentication of identity of the person to whom it was issued and an authentication to access electronic services and the signature certificate that is used to support an advanced electronic signature which has the same legal effect and replaces personal signature in accordance with the law that regulates electronic signature.

Both certificates can be used in combination with a personal PIN.